Plants photographed on Kyffhäuser
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Cleome suffruticosa Schinz

Cleome suffruticosa


Family: Capparaceae
Full name: Cleome suffruticosa Schinz
Location: Kyffhäuser (2416AD + 2416CB)
ID status: Fairly certain
Afrikaans common name(s): -
English common name(s): Shrubby spiderplant, Spider plant, Spiderplant, Shrubby cleome
Synonym(s): Polanisia suffruticosa (Schinz) Pax fide Fl. S. Africa 13: 133
Status: Native
Description: Yellow flowers (similar to C. foliosa).

Erect, rigid annual herb 20-60 cm tall, often freely branched from the base. Stems striate, viscid glandular-pubescent; pubescence of dense, short stipitate glands. Leaves 5(-7)-foliolate, petiolate; petioles up to 4 cm long, glandular-pubescent; leaflets lanceolate to obovate-oblanceolate, 1-4 cm long, 2.5-10 mm broad, becoming progressively smaller towards the inflorescence and grading into the bracts, obtuse to acute at the apex, cuneate at the base, glandular-pubescent especially on the margins and nerves below. Inflorescence a terminal raceme, stout, stiffly erect, elongating in fruit; bracts 3-foliolate, resembling the leaves but smaller, shortly petiolate to almost sessile, glandular-pubescent; pedicels 1-2 cm long. Sepals ovate-elliptic to lanceolate, 4-7 mm long, acute to acuminate, glandular-puberulous outside. Petals yellow, often reflexed, obovate, 1-2.2 cm long, 5-12 mm broad, narrowed to a distinct claw at the base. Stamens 12-24, all fertile, unequal, with 4-5(-7) longer and stouter than the rest, equalling the petals; filaments pale yellow in the upper, short stamens, tending to be pale violet in the longer ones; anthers 1.5 mm long. Ovary about 1 mm long; stigma subcapitate. Capsule erect, linear, straight or often slightly curved, 2-6 cm long, 3-3.5 mm broad; valves glandular-puberulous, chartaceous, not dehiscing completely to the base; gynophore (3-)5-12 mm long, glandular-puberulous; style (2-)4-5(-6) mm long. Seeds dark brown, circular in outline, 1.25 mm in diameter; surface reticulate-foveolate. (from JSTOR Global Plants website / Flora of Southern Africa)

The species is related to C. carnosa, as will be seen from the glandular-puberulous gynophores and the erect capsules which do not dehisce to the base; it differs from that species in the more robust stature and the longer gynophores and the longer capsules which are glandular-puberulous, not glandular-hispid. The characters separating it from C. kalachariensis are discussed under that species. (from JSTOR Global Plants website / Flora of Southern Africa)
Link(s) African Plant Database
JSTOR Plant Science
Kew Herbarium Catalogue
BGBM Berlin-Dahlem - Virtual Herbarium
Züricher Herbarien
iNaturalist (Namibia / Alex Dreyer)
iNaturalist (Namibia)
iNaturalist (southern Africa)
Flora of Zimbabwe
Fleurs de notre Terre - Galerie Namibie
Tree Atlas of Namibia
Photographer: AA Dreyer
Date of photograph: 01 Mar 2009
Camera make: Canon
Camera model: PowerShot A700
Lens aperture: f/4.0
Shutter speed: 1/640 s
ISO speed: -
Content last updated: 18 Apr 2024

Note: The identification of some of the plants on this website is not 100% certain. Any comments will be highly appreciated. I would also be willing to supply higher resolution images upon request. Please contact me at the e-mail address given below.

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Last updated 18 Apr 2024

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