Plants photographed on Kyffhäuser
  Home   >   Flora   >   List of families   >   List of genera   >   List of species   >   Viscaceae / Viscum schaeferi / Image 5

Viscum schaeferi Engl. & K.Krause


Viscum schaeferi

Fruit



Family: Viscaceae
Full name: Viscum schaeferi Engl. & K.Krause
Location: Kyffhäuser (2416AD + 2416CB)
ID status: Fairly certain
Afrikaans common name(s): -
English common name(s): -
Synonym(s): -
Status: Native
Description: Rounder leaves, 3 mm berry.

Ramuli novelli vix compla- nati adulti teretes validiusculi omnes leviter longitudinaliter sulcati gla-berrimi ad nodos incrassati internodiis breviusculis. Folia subsessilia mox decidua internodiis supremis aequilonga vel paullum longiora rigida crasse coriacea anguste ovato-lanceolata rarius obovato-lanceolata apice acuta basin versus subsensim angustata, nervis vix conspicuis. Inflorescentiae femineae singulae vel complures axillares plerumque triflorae; pedunculus brevis crassus bracteis 2 rigidis anguste ovatis apice acutis concavis basi breviter connatis instructus. Perigonii tepala crassiuscula subovata apice acuta basi connata; stilus brevis subcylindricus stigmate parvo paullum incrassato coronatus. Pseudobaccae juniores maturescentes oblongae vel ovoideo-oblongae obtusae stilo persistente coronatae. Baccae maturae ovoideae obtusae laeves vel in siccitate verruculosae.

Die vorliegenden, 4-2 dm langen und am unteren Ende 3-4 mm dicken Zweig- stücke sind getrocknet von heller, gelbgrüner Färbung; ihre Internodien messen 4.2 bis 2 cm. Die kleinen, dicklederigen Blätter erreichen eine Länge von 4.2-4.6 cm sowie eine Breite von 2.5-3.5 mm; ihre Färbung ist im getrockneten Zustande gelbgrün bis braungrün; die Nerven treten infolge der dicken Beschaffenheit so gut wie gar nicht hervor. Die einzeln oder auch zu mehreren in den Blattachseln stehenden, fast stets 3-blütigen Inflorescenzen besitzen 3 -5 mm lange Stiele, während die Brakteen 4.2 bis 1.8 mm messen. Die Länge der Blüttenhülle beträgt 2.5-3 mm. Die jungen, noch nicht völlig ausgereiften Früchte des einen Exemplars sind von gründlichbrauner Färbung und getrocknet 2-3 mm lang sowie 1-1.5mm breit, wahrend die älteren Früchte des anderen Exemplares eine Länge from 4-4.5 mm sowie eine Breite von 2-3 mm aufweisen und frisch von gelblicher, getrocknet von brauner Färbung sind. Der kurze Griffel misst kaum 1 mm. (Engl. & K. Krause, 1914, Botanische Jahrbucher fur Systematik 51: pp 470-471)

The present, 4-2 dm long and at the lower end 3-4 mm thick branch pieces are dried by bright, yellow-green coloring; their internodes measure 4.2 to 2 cm. The small, dicklederigen (thick, leathery) leaves reach a length of 4.2-4.6 cm and a width of 2.5-3.5 mm; their coloration is in the dried state yellow-green to brown-green; nerves occur due to the thick texture as not produce so well. The standing individually or collectively in the leaf axils, almost always 3-flowered inflorescences have 3 -5 mm long stalks, while the bracts measuring 2.4 to 8.1 mm. The length of Blüttenhülle (leaf body) is 2.5-3 mm. The young, not yet fully mature fruits of a copy of are thoroughly brown color and dried 2-3 mm long and 1-1.5 mm wide, while the older fruits of the other copy has a length from 4-4.5 mm and a width of 2-3 mm and fresh are yellowish, dried brown in coloring. The short stylus measures less than 1 mm. (Engl. & K. Krause, 1914, Botanische Jahrbucher fur Systematik 51: pp 470-471 - translated by Google Translate)

Leafy, monoecious shrubs of small size, probably not higher than 0.2 m, stout, densely branched with short internodes, greyish green with small leaves, much resembling Boscia, one of its principal hosts. Stems rounded to slightly angled; basal internodes of younger branches 8-12 x 1-2 mm (rather consistent in size), older nodes slightly swollen. Leaves mostly oblong to oblanceolate, 6-8 x 3-4 mm, apex mostly obtuse, often minutely apiculate, tapering slightly into the sessile base. Dichasia with central flower typically staminate, lateral pistillate, usually 2 per axil. Berries ellipsoid, c. 3 mm long, smooth, forming a pedicel at maturity up to 1.5 mm long; style persistent. Flowering period unknown, possibly August-September. (from JSTOR Global Plants website / Flora of Southern Africa)

Glabrous, yellowish-green in a dried state; branches subterete, sulcate, rather stout; young branchlets slightly compressed; internodes 6–10 lin. long; leaves subsessile, soon deciduous, narrowly ovate-lanceolate or (more rarely) obovate-lanceolate, acute at the apex, rather gradually narrowed towards the base, 6–8 lin. long, 1.25–1.75 lin. broad, thickly coriaceous, nerves hardly raised; male inflorescence not known; female inflorescence: bracteal cups axillary, solitary or several together, peduncled, usually 3-flowered; bracts narrowly ovate, acute, 0.5– 0.75 lin. long; peduncle stout, 1.5–2.5 lin. long; petals subovate, acute, 1.25–1.5 lin. long, connate at the base; style subcylindric, hardly 0.5 lin. long; stigma slightly thickened; berries ovoid, 2–2.25 lin. long, 1–1.5 lin. in diam., yellowish, smooth, or slightly warted in a dried state. (from JSTOR Global Plants website / Flora Capensis)

V. schaeferi with narrow leaves and yellow to orange ellipsoid berries. (from https://www.operationwildflower.org.za/index.php/albums/parasites/viscum-rotundifolium-thabo-4-4538)
Link(s) African Plant Database
JSTOR Plant Science
Kew Herbarium Catalogue
BGBM Berlin-Dahlem - Virtual Herbarium
Züricher Herbarien
iNaturalist (Namibia / Alex Dreyer)
iNaturalist (Namibia)
iNaturalist (southern Africa)
Flora of Zimbabwe
Fleurs de notre Terre - Galerie Namibie
Tree Atlas of Namibia
Photographer: AA Dreyer
Date of photograph: 25 Mar 2008
Camera make: Canon
Camera model: PowerShot A700
Lens aperture: f/4.0
Shutter speed: 1/640 s
ISO speed: -
Content last updated: 01 Jun 2020


Note: The identification of some of the plants on this website is not 100% certain. Any comments will be highly appreciated. I would also be willing to supply higher resolution images upon request. Please contact me at the e-mail address given below.

  Home   >   Flora   >   List of families   >   List of genera   >   List of species   >   Viscaceae / Viscum schaeferi / Image 5
Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional Valid CSS!
This site is best viewed with Microsoft Internet Explorer 8+, Google Chrome or Mozilla Firefox in 1024x768+ screen resolution
Last updated 01 Jun 2020
webmaster@kyffhauser.co.za

Sun logo