Plants photographed on Kyffhäuser
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  Home   >   Flora   >   List of families   >   List of genera   >   List of species   >   Solanaceae / Withania somnifera

Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal


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Withania somnifera

Image 1
Leaves
14 Dec 2008

Withania somnifera

Image 2
Fruit
14 Dec 2008

Withania somnifera

Image 3
Fruit capsule
14 Dec 2008

Withania somnifera

Image 4
Leaves
09 Apr 2009

Withania somnifera

Image 5
Fruit
09 Apr 2009

Withania somnifera

Image 6
Ripe fruit
25 Dec 2011



Family: Solanaceae
Full name: Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal
ID status: Fairly certain
Afrikaans common name(s): Bitterappeliefie, Geneesblaarbossie, Geneesblaar
English common name(s): Deadly nightshade, Winter cherry, Poisonous gooseberry, Poison gooseberry
Synonym(s): Physalis somnifera L.
Physaloides somnifera (L.) Moench
Withania microphysalis Suess.
Withania mucronata Chiov. - lapsu cal. pro macrocalyx-- name excluded
Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal var. macrocalyx Chiov.
Status: Native
Description: Erect subshrub or woody based perennial to 1.5 m. Stems tomentose. Leaves: lamina 4-10 x 3-7 cm, ovate, stellate-tomentose, glabrescent; base cuneate; margin entire. Flowers 4-16 in a cluster. Corolla greenish, tomentose externally. Fruit a berry, 8-10 mm in diameter, spherical, glossy, scarlet, enclosed within an enlarged accrescent calyx, c. 2 cm in fruit. (from Flora of Zimbabwe website)

Shrub, subshrub or woody-based herb, up to 2 m tall; stems greyish tomentose. Leaf-blades ovate to obovate or oblong, 3–10 x 1.5–7 cm, acute to obtuse at the apex, cuneate at the base, with entire margins or almost so, subglabrous above, densely tomentose beneath; petiole 0.5–2 cm long. Flowers mostly in 3–6-flowered axillary clusters; pedicels up to 5 mm long, tomentose. Calyx 4–5 mm long in flower, enlarging to 10–28 mm in fruit, tomentose outside; lobes narrowly triangular, acute, shorter than to about as long as the tube. Corolla greenish, 5–7 mm long, thinly tomentose outside; lobes triangular, shorter than the tube. Stamens with filaments c. 2–3 mm long; anthers c. 1 mm long. Ovary with inconspicuous disk at the base; style 1.5–2.5 mm long. Berry globose, 5–8 mm in diam., shiny, red, surrounded by and much exceeded by the enlarged ovoid-acuminate calyx. Seeds c. 2 mm in diam., reticulate. (from JSTOR Global Plants website)
Link(s) African Plant Database
JSTOR Plant Science
Kew Herbarium Catalogue
BGBM Berlin-Dahlem - Virtual Herbarium
Züricher Herbarien
iSpot:  264422  717214  689032  602547 
Flora of Zimbabwe
Fleurs de notre Terre - Galerie Namibie
Tree Atlas of Namibia
Content last updated: 21 Mar 2018


Note: The identification of some of the plants on this website is not 100% certain. Any comments will be highly appreciated. I would also be willing to supply higher resolution images upon request. Please contact me at the e-mail address given below.

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