Plants photographed on Kyffhäuser
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Zygophyllum simplex L.


Zygophyllum simplex

Habit



Family: Zygophyllaceae
Full name: Zygophyllum simplex L.
Location: Kyffhäuser (2416AD + 2416CB)
ID status: Fairly certain
Afrikaans common name(s): Brakkies, Brakspekbos, Rankspek, Panspekbos, Patrysdruiwe, Volstruisdruiwe, Erdmanopslag, Rankspekbos
English common name(s): Simple zygophyllum
Synonym(s): Zygophyllum simplex L. var. herniarioides Chiov.
Status: Near-endemic
Description: A diffuse wiry undershrub a few inches high; flowers yellow. (from JSTOR Global Plants website / Flora of West Tropical Africa)

Annual; leaves simple, fleshy, cylindrical. A succulent annual, fragile when dry. Root perpendicular, as thick as a pigeon's quill. Stems as thick, many from the same root, decumbent at base, then erect, terete, pale, with alternate, divaricating branches, and alternate, rarely opposite, short, slender branchlets. Internodes in the stem 0.5–1 inch long, shorter in the branches. Leaves very widely spreading, sometimes 1.5–2 lines, sometimes 4–5 lines long, a line wide, narrowed at base, sub-sessile, very fleshy. Stipules hyaline, small, triangular. Flowers minute, 5-cleft. Peduncles axillary, solitary, 0.5–1 line long. Petals yellowish, clawed, obovate, twice as long as the obtuse sepals. Stamens as long as the petals. Scales bipartite to the base, hyaline, the segments oblong, obtuse, thrice as short as the filaments. Capsule mostly pendulous, 1 line long and wide, emarginate at the apex, obcordate, sharply 5-angled; style very slender, half as long as the capsule or longer. (from JSTOR Global Plants website / Flora Capensis)

Annual to perennial herb, spreading, with up to 40 cm long stems, glabrous. Leaves simple, sessile, cylindrical to obovate, fleshy, up to 15 x 4 mm; stipules membranous, filiform. Flowers axillary, solitary or in pairs. Sepals obovate, c. 2 mm long. Petals yellow, c. 3 mm long. Filament scale bifid. Ovary glabrous; style c. 1.5 mm long. Capsule obovoid, c. 2.5 x 2 mm, deeply 5-lobed. (from JSTOR Global Plants website / Flora Somalia)
Link(s) African Plant Database
JSTOR Plant Science
Kew Herbarium Catalogue
BGBM Berlin-Dahlem - Virtual Herbarium
Züricher Herbarien
iNaturalist (Namibia / Alex Dreyer)
iNaturalist (Namibia)
iNaturalist (southern Africa)
Flora of Zimbabwe
Fleurs de notre Terre - Galerie Namibie
Tree Atlas of Namibia
Photographer: AA Dreyer
Date of photograph: 27 Apr 2008
Camera make: Canon
Camera model: PowerShot A700
Lens aperture: f/4.0
Shutter speed: 1/640 s
ISO speed: -
Content last updated: 01 Jun 2020


Note: The identification of some of the plants on this website is not 100% certain. Any comments will be highly appreciated. I would also be willing to supply higher resolution images upon request. Please contact me at the e-mail address given below.

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