Plants photographed on Kyffhäuser
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Justicia divaricata Licht. ex Roem. & Schult.

Justicia divaricata

Leaves and flower

Family: Acanthaceae
Full name: Justicia divaricata Licht. ex Roem. & Schult.
Location: Kyffhäuser (2416AD + 2416CB)
ID status: Fairly certain
Afrikaans common name(s): Wildelusern, Wilde luserntongetjies, Maklikbreek
English common name(s): Wild lucerne, Branched monechma
Synonym(s): Monechma divaricatum (Nees) C.B. Clarke
Adhatoda divaricata Nees (1847)
Status: Native
Description: Flowers solitary, axillary, calyx lobes 4, corolla small, ±5 mm in diameter, upper lobe very small white, three bottom lobes purple, centre white with tiny black lines.

An undershrub, attaining 2 ft. in height (at least); branches terete, not striate, minutely hairy, many internodes 1–2.5 in. long; leaves 0.5– 0.666 by 0.125– 0.167 in., linear-obovate, pubescent, long-tapering to the base, tip obtuse, recurved, with a minute mucro; flowers scattered, axillary, few, mostly towards the ends of the branches; bracteoles 2, 0.25 in. long, linear; calyx 0.25 in. long, deeply 4-fid; lobes linear, glandular-pubescent, very white on the margins; corolla 0.5 in. long, rose-coloured (Bolus); one anther-cell much lower than the other, tailed; pollen ellipsoid with 2 stopples and 2 rows of small tubercles on either side of each stopple; ovary glabrous; style thinly hairy; capsule nearly 0.5 in. long, 2-seeded; seeds smooth, blotched. (from JSTOR Global Plants website / Flora Capensis)

Long- or short-lived perennial shrub or suffrutex, semiprostrate to more or less erect, up to 1 m high. Branches often at a wide angle to main stem, hairy and/or glandular. Leaves pseudopetiolate, variously hairy to subglabrous, linear-oblanceolate, elliptic-oblong, obovate or obtriangular, apex acute, obtuse or emarginate, young leaves often folded, with recurved apices, base cuneate or gradually tapering, midrib prominent, at least on lower surface, texture soft and thin; pseudopetiole up to 15 mm long. Flowers solitary, more or less subsessile. Bracteoles ciliate, hairy or glandular-hairy, ± 6 mm long. Calyx lobes 4, variously hairy, 4-6 mm long, lengthening in fruit, with median green stripe and whitish margins. Corolla 10-13 mm long, purple, mauve or white, often bicoloured, with dark veining on lower lip. Capsule 6-8 mm long. Seeds round, plump, flattened on one side, 2-3 mm in diameter, pale to dark brown with darker blotches. (from JSTOR Global Plants website / Flora of Southern Africa)

Somewhat straggling to erect, much-branched perennial herb with stems up to 1 m long. Leaves subsessile, linear to lanceolate or oblanceolate, 1.5-2 cm long, decurrent to the stem at the base. Flowers solitary in the axils of leaf-like bracts, sometimes clustered together at the tips of branches. Corolla pave mauve to purple, rarely white, with darker lines on the lower lip, 7-13 mm long, finely velvety. Capsule 5.5- 11 mm long, sparsely hairy, sometimes only towards the apex. (from Flora of Zimbabwe website)
Link(s) African Plant Database
JSTOR Plant Science
Kew Herbarium Catalogue
BGBM Berlin-Dahlem - Virtual Herbarium
Züricher Herbarien
iNaturalist (Namibia / Alex Dreyer)
iNaturalist (Namibia)
iNaturalist (southern Africa)
Flora of Zimbabwe
Fleurs de notre Terre - Galerie Namibie
Tree Atlas of Namibia
Photographer: AA Dreyer
Date of photograph: 27 Feb 2011
Camera make: Canon
Camera model: PowerShot SX210 IS
Lens aperture: f/7.1
Shutter speed: 1/200 s
ISO speed: 80
Content last updated: 01 Jun 2020

Note: The identification of some of the plants on this website is not 100% certain. Any comments will be highly appreciated. I would also be willing to supply higher resolution images upon request. Please contact me at the e-mail address given below.

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Last updated 01 Jun 2020

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