Plants photographed on Kyffhäuser
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Ricinus communis L. var. communis

Ricinus communis var communis


Family: Euphorbiaceae
Full name: Ricinus communis L. var. communis
Location: Kyffhäuser (2416AD + 2416CB)
ID status: Fairly certain
Afrikaans common name(s): Kasterolie, Kasterolieboom, Kasterolieplant, Oliebos
English common name(s): Castor oil plant, Castor oil bush, Castor bean, Castor bean tree
Synonym(s): Ricinus communis var. lividus (Jacq.) Müll.Arg.
Ricinus lividus Jacq. (1781)
Status: Alien
Description: Monoecious, glabrous, annual or perennial, herb, shrub or even small tree. Stipules united to form a caducous sheath. Leaves alternate; petiole with glands at base and apex; lamina peltate, palmately-lobed, the lobes glandular-serrate. Inflorescences paniculate; male flowers in lower half, female in upper. Male flowers: pedicels jointed, with 2 bracteoles; calyx with 3-5 valvate lobes; petals and disk 0; stamens numerous; pistillode 0. Female flowers: pedicels elongating in fruit; sepals 5; petals and disk as for male; ovary 3-locular; ovules 1 per loculus; styles 3, dark red. Fruit 3-lobed, smooth or echinate with accrescent spines, dehiscing into three 2-valved cocci leaving a prominent, persistent columella. Seeds smooth, mottled. (from Flora of Zimbabwe website)

Fruit 1–1.5 cm long and wide, echinate; seeds 0.7–1.1 cm long. (from JSTOR Global Plants website / Flora Zambesiaca)
Link(s) African Plant Database
JSTOR Plant Science
Kew Herbarium Catalogue
BGBM Berlin-Dahlem - Virtual Herbarium
Züricher Herbarien
iNaturalist (Namibia / Alex Dreyer)
iNaturalist (Namibia)
iNaturalist (southern Africa)
Flora of Zimbabwe
Fleurs de notre Terre - Galerie Namibie
Tree Atlas of Namibia
Photographer: AA Dreyer
Date of photograph: 16 Dec 2008
Camera make: Canon
Camera model: PowerShot A700
Lens aperture: f/4.8
Shutter speed: 1/250 s
ISO speed: -
Content last updated: 01 Jun 2020

Note: The identification of some of the plants on this website is not 100% certain. Any comments will be highly appreciated. I would also be willing to supply higher resolution images upon request. Please contact me at the e-mail address given below.

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Last updated 01 Jun 2020

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